Queensland Smoke Alarm Laws are changing, and the deadline is approaching fast!!
The Smoke Alarm Association of Australia has put out a call to action for all Queensland landlords to act as quickly as possible to address the significant upgrades to smoke alarm requirements in all rental properties across the state.
By the 1st January 2022, smoke alarms in every Queensland rental property must be:
- Installed in every bedroom
- 240V hardwired or 10yr Lithium Non-replaceable Battery powered alarms (9V Battery powered alarms will not be permitted)
- Photoelectric (Ionisation smoke alarms will not be permitted)
- Interconnected, so that if one smoke alarm is activated they all sound
For most landlords, this will mean that every current smoke alarm will need to be replaced and new ones installed (very few rental properties have interconnected, photoelectric smoke alarms inside bedrooms). Depending on the layout of the rental property, this may mean a considerable number of smoke alarm installed and/or replaced.
DWELLINGS BEING SOLD, LEASED OR AN EXISTING LEASE IS RENEWED
From 1 January 2017
Requirements as for existing dwellings…
- Existing landlord’s and tenant’s obligations regarding the installation and testing of smoke alarms continue.
- Property sellers must lodge a Form 24 with the Queensland Land Registry Office stating the requirements of the new smoke alarm legislation have been met.
From 1 January 2022
Smoke alarms in the dwelling must:
- be photoelectric (AS 3786-2014); and
- not also contain an ionisation sensor; and
- be less than 10 years old; and
- operate when tested; and
- be interconnected with every other smoke alarm in the dwelling so all activate together;
- be hardwired or powered by a non-removable 10-year battery.
Smoke alarms must be installed on each storey:
- in each bedroom; and
- in hallways which connect bedrooms and the rest of the dwelling; or
- if there is no hallway, between the bedrooms and other parts of the storey; and
- if there are no bedrooms on a storey at least one smoke alarm must be installed in the most likely path of travel to exit the dwelling.
GLOSSARY OF TERMS*
Dwelling – house, townhouse (Class 1A) and units (Class 2).
Photoelectric – the method the device uses to detect smoke.
Hardwired – connected to the domestic dwelling’s electricity supply
Interconnected – if one smoke alarm sounds all the other smoke alarms will sound. Interconnection can be wired or wireless.
Substantial – work carried out under a building development approval or the total building works equals 50% of the dwelling over 3years
Storey – a space within a building which is situated between one floor level and the floor level or roof above. This being; in the case of a high set dwelling, a properly constructed room. It may be reasonable, using a performance approach, not to install smoke alarms where the storey is predominantly open (e.g. a highset house on stumps that is used for carpark or laundry purposes only).
*Refer to specific legislation for full definition
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